Vaccination Through the Ages – Vaccines in each Stage of Life 

Vaccination in Infants 



08 November 2023 

15:35 – 16:05H 



Cynthia Aguirre MD., FPPS, FPIDSP 

Immunization Partners in Asia Pacific 



The highest burden of morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases occur in children less than 5 years of age. The World Health Assembly in 1974 thru WHO aimed to provide routine vaccines to all children by 1990. Immunization against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles, polio, and tuberculosis were introduced in many country EPI by 1977. By 2017 more antigens Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, Hepatitis B, Hib were included in in the EPI of many areas. Vaccines have transformed public health. WHO estimates that 2-3 million lives are saved each year by current immunization programs. Many diseases responsible for childhood deaths have disappeared with high vaccine coverage.